This page holds the URLs from the book Skills to Obstruct Pandemics, published by Sunbury Press (2020).
Frank E. Ritter, Garrett Barch, Martin Yeh, 26apr21
This page is http://StopTheSpread.health/URLs.html
[U1.1] "Safety Match" by Juan Delcan & Valentina Izaguirre (@Juan_delcan)
[U1.2] Juan Delcan on YouTube
[U1.3] This is just one example of how masks and handwashing work. Additional references are in appropriate sections: Cowling, Benjamin J., Kwok-Hung Chan, Vicky J. Fang, Calvin KY Cheng, Rita OP Fung, Winnie Wai, Joey Sin et al. 2009. "Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: A cluster randomized trial." Annals of Internal Medicine 151: 437-446.
[U1.4] America's COVID-19 warning system
[U1.5] Fauci: "If it looks like you're overreacting, you're probably doing the right thing."
[U1.6] Predictions for COVID-19 infections
[U1.7] Site where you can find the COVID-19 status for where you are and other geographical locations
[U1.8] Article with interactive infection spread simulations
[U2.1] A useful summary of respiratory disease spread, and how to avoid and mitigate exposure
[U2.2] Search Google: "Experts rate the risks of activities with COVID-19"
Search DuckDuckGo: "Experts rate the risks of activities with COVID-19"
[U2.3] A light-hearted demonstration of infection transmission
[U2.4] Search Google: "Act like you have coronavirus"
Search DuckDuckGo: "Act like you have coronavirus"
[U2.5] We do not know the ratio of people infected that are asymptomatic. Estimates of asymptomatic infection rates are currently from 16% to 76%. From Master question list for COVID-19 (caused by SARS-COV-2). Last update, 17 Nov 2020.
[U3.1] Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection work, in The Lancet medical journal
[U3.2] Coronavirus information specific to pet owners
[U3.3] Article on if viruses are alive
[U3.4] Van Doremalen, Neeltje, Trenton Bushmaker, Dylan H. Morris, Myndi G. Holbrook, Amandine Gamble, Brandi N. Williamson, Azaibi Tamin et al. 2020. "Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1." New England Journal of Medicine 382 (16): 1564-1567.
[U3.5] SARS lifespan on surfaces calculator
[U3.6] National Academy of Science on UV light and COVID-19
[U3.7] Wired article about how to use a fan and filter to clean air
[U3.8] SARS lifespan in the air calculator
[U3.9] Why does flu come during cold weather?
[U3.10] Search Google: "How long does coronavirus live on surfaces?"
Search DuckDuckGo: "How long does coronavirus live on surfaces?"
[New, unnumbered] FAQs on Protecting Yourself from COVID-19 Aerosol Transmission
[https://tinyurl.com/FAQ-aerosols] (this points to an extensive and well supported Google doc)
[U4.1] Wölfel, Roman, Victor M. Corman, Wolfgang Guggemos, Michael Seilmaier, Sabine Zange, Marcel A. Müller, Daniela Niemeyer et al. 2020. "Virological assessment of hospitalized patients with COVID-2019." Nature 581 (7809): 465-469.
[Virological assessment of hospitalized patients with COVID-2019]
[U4.2] Watch a sneeze in slow motion
[U4.3] Example story of false negatives in testing
[U4.4] Article on COVID-19 testing and public health
[U5.1] A useful visualization of herd immunity
[U5.2] The simulation authors description
[U5.3] Description of herd immunity from the Nova TV show
[U5.4] Department of Health Services, Texas presentation on herd immunity
[U5.5] Article on vaccines by the National Library of Medicine
[U5.6] Vaccination usage worldwide by WHO
[U5.7] Vaccine safety by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
[U5.8] Vaccine safety by US Dept. of Health and Human Services
[U6.1] The level of risks for several activities
[U6.2] Social distancing correlates with lower infection
[U6.3] Public service announcement from the State of Ohio illustrating the effect of social distancing
[U6.4] New York Times article on why to stay home
[U6.5] Search Google: "Quarantine"
Search DuckDuckGo: "Quarantine"
[U6.6] Safety advice if you must visit the grocery store
[No URLs in this chapter]
[U8.1] A description of how respiratory disease spread with some tentative numbers
[U8.2] How a person with an infection spreads infectious material through sneezing to a healthy unprotected person. Movie by SLH.
[U8.3] Video on how far can a sneeze go from the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
[U8.4] Mythbusters on sneezes
[U8.5] ABC News on sneezes
[U8.6] Search Google: "How to cover your coughs and sneezes"
Search DuckDuckGo: "How to cover your coughs and sneezes"
[U8.7] CDC on how to clean cloth masks
[U9.1] CDC overview of masks
[U9.2] Don't just wear a mask for yourself
[U10.1] Dr. Fauci encourages you to wear a mask
[U10.2] Senator McConnell encourages you to wear a mask
[U10.3] A video showing in a powerful way how a mask reduces the spread
[U10.4] Hey. Wear the damn mask. Explains why the wearing a mask reduces the spread of disease so much.
[U10.5] CDC overview of face coverings
[U10.6] What to look for in a mask
[U10.7] National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine report on how masks vary but all help: Rapid expert consultation on the effectiveness of fabric masks for the COVID-19 pandemic
[U10.8] How masks work
[U10.9] Surgical masks can be very good on their own. Long, Youlin, Tengyue Hu, Liqin Liu, Rui Chen, Qiong Guo, Liu Yang, Yifan Cheng, Jin Huang, and Liang Du. 2020. "Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks against influenza: a systematic review and meta‐analysis." Journal of Evidence‐Based Medicine 13 (2): 93-101.
[U10.10] Adding a nylon-stocking layer could boost protection from cloth masks, study finds
[U10.11] Dr. Fauci: I wear a mask because it is effective
[U10.12] US Surgeon General encourages mask wearing
[U10.13] CDC on how to make face coverings
[U10.14] Search for information about making masks with Google:
[U10.15] Search for information about making masks with DuckDuckGo:
[U10.16] Two DIY face mask designs based on using a t-shirt
[U10.17] How to wear your mask
[U10.18] How to use rubber bands to hold masks on more securely
[U10.19] How to wear masks in warm environments
[U10.20] How to avoid fogging your glasses while wearing a mask
[U10.21] How to clean masks
[U10.22] When and why to wear a cloth mask by Dr. McGraw, Director of Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Penn State
[U10.23] Tian, Liang, Xuefei Li, Fei Qi, Qian-Yuan Tang, Viola Tang, Jiang Liu, Zhiyuan Li et al. 2020. "Calibrated intervention and containment of the COVID‐19 pandemic."
[U10.24] Masks help stop the spread of coronavirus – the science is simple and I'm one of 100 experts urging governors to require public mask-wearing
[U10.25] Atlantic article on wearing masks
[U10.26] CDC on why and how to wear a mask when sick
[U10.27] CDC on why to wear a mask when caring for someone who is sick
[U11.1] NPR on why you might want to protect your eyes
[U11.2] Report on social distancing and exercising
[U11.3] Another report on social distancing and exercising
[No URLs in this chapter]
[U13.1] A nurse shows what cross-contamination is and how it happens
[U13.2] Aiello, Allison E., Rebecca M. Coulborn, Vanessa Perez, and Elaine L. Larson. 2008. "Effect of hand hygiene on infectious disease risk in the community setting: A meta-analysis."; American J of Public Health 98 (8): 1372-1381.
[U13.3] Study revealing that 95 percent of people failed to wash their hands correctly after using the bathroom
[U13.4] Nursing professor teaches how to wash hands
[U13.5] CDC explains how to wash hands
[U13.6] The CDC on handwashing
[U13.7] Antibacterial soap isn't necessary, just use plain soap and water
[U14.1] CDC information on hand and finger nail hygiene.
[U14.2] How to cut finger nail cuticles.
[U14.3] Comments from Dr. Fauchi about how to avoid getting sick when you’re around people all day [https://www.washingtonian.com/2016/01/15/how-to-avoid-getting-sick-when-youre-around-people-all-day/]
[U15.1] Search Google: "Hand sanitizer"
Search DuckDuckGo: "Hand sanitizer"
[U15.2] Dr. John Campbell showing how to use hand sanitizer
[U15.3] CDC on hand sanitizers
[U16.0] A study shows that medical students do it 20 times per hour, added 3/21
[U16.1] Scrubs video showing how contamination happens
[U16.2] News clips including people touching their face
[U16.3] President Regan talking and sometimes touching his face
[U16.4] Avoid touching your face to reduce risk
[U16.5] How to touch your face less
[U17.1] COVID-19: How long does the coronavirus last on surfaces?
[U18.1] Downloadable checklist as PDF
[http://StopTheSpread.health/takingcareofme2.pdf] and as Appendix 2.
[U18.2] Harvard Health Letter on blue light and sleep
[U18.3] Search Google: "Blue light filter for screens"
Search DuckDuckGo: "Blue light filter for screens"
[U18.4] Dr. John Campbell’s YouTube channel provides balanced news about COVID-19
[U18.5] Explanation of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
[U18.6] Target heart rates by age
[U18.7] The role of nutrition and health.
[U18.8] Dr. John Campbell on vitamin D short (21:40 min.)
[U18.9] Dr. John Campbell on vitamin D longer (32 min.)
[U18.10] Can dietary supplements boost your immunity?
[U18.11] Mayo Clinic's notes on how to sleep
[U18.12] Search Google: "How to sleep better"
Search DuckDuckGo: "How to sleep better"
[U18.13] Further article on looking after yourself
[New, not numbered] Flyer on "Managing the Stress of Holiday Gatherings During COVID-19" [https://www.cstsonline.org/assets/media/documents/CSTS_FS_Managing_the_Stress_of_Holiday_Gatherings_during_COVID_19.pdf]
[U18.13] Disaster Distress website
[U18.14] Suicide Prevention website
[U18.15] Domestic Violence website
[U18.17] Link to Washington Times article
[U18.18] Link to Fox News article
[U18.19] Link to CNN news article
[U18.20] Link to Michigan Bridge article
[U18.21] The Lancet: Vitamin D & COVID-19
[U18.22] WHO FACT: People should NOT wear masks while exercising, but socially distance (16 June 2020)
[U19.1] For the latest information see the entry page to the CDC on COVID-19
[U20.1] Easy to understand and use summary of cases in the US
[U20.2] The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, U. of Washington, has information on COVID-19, including pandemic simulations
[U20.3] Dr. John Campbell is a nurse educator with a series of daily updates about COVID-19 with advice and other nursing topics included
[U20.5] The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences COVID-19 Response Training (requires free registration)
[U20.6] This web site notes resources from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Your state probably has a similar site.
[U20.7] This web site notes resources for Centre County, PA. Your county probably has a similar site.
[U20.8] A comprehensive manual on how to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 in restaurants
[U20.9] A guide on how to talk with your children about COVID-19
[U20.10] The COVID-19 solutions guide, available as a web site and eBook ($16). It provides a broader (e.g., financial topics related to your pandemic experience) and somewhat shallower coverage.
[U20.11] A computer-based tutor that is shorter, and easier to do than this material
[U20.12] A course (free) on how to do contact tracing
[U20.13] A book providing an overview of infectious diseases and how they jump across species.
Quammen, David. 2012. Spillover: Animal infections and the next human pandemic. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.
[Search for "Spillover: Animal infections and the next human pandemic" with Google]
[Search for "Spillover: Animal infections and the next human pandemic" with Duckduckgo]
[U20.14] What to do if you have been exposed, in addition to contacting your health care provider, by Harvard Health
[U20.15] What to do if you have been exposed, in addition to contacting your health care provider, by the CDC
[U20.16] A tool to predict infection rates in universities
[U20.17] A useful report for leaders about public health messages.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Encouraging adoption of protective behaviors to mitigate the spread of COVID-19: Strategies for behavior change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
[U20.18] An online book by Kent (2020) that has useful information in it.
[U20.19] A useful summary of what we know about COVID-19 from the US DHS.
Department of Homeland Security. 2020. Master question list for COVID-19 (caused by SARS-COV-2). Last update, 17 Nov 2020.
[New, not numbered] COVID-19: Simple answers to top questions: Risk communication field guide questions and key messages, 4nov20, Vincent T. Covello, MA PhD, Randall Hyer, MD, PhD, MPH. Center for Risk Communication/ CrisisCommunication.net
[New, not numbered] FAQs on Protecting Yourself from COVID-19 Aerosol Transmission, 13 aug 21, A range of scientists who work with ventilation.
[New, not numbered] Efficacy and Safety of Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent COVID-19 in Frontline Healthcare Workers. A Randomized Clinical Trial. 26 apr 22, Shows Vitamin D is very protective against COVID-19.
[New, not numbered] Clinical characteristics with inflammation profiling of long COVID and association with 1-year recovery following hospitalisation in the UK: a prospective observational study. 23 apr 22, Suggests that between 1/4 and 1/2 of those hospitalized are long-haul covid at 1 year in the UK.
END of Resources for Skills to Obstruct Pandemics URLs page